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What is Muscle Energy Technique

Father of Muscle Energy Technique

Dr. Fred L. Mitchell Muscle vitality system is a manual prescription treatment method that includes willful constriction of patient muscle in:

a correctly controlled heading at different levels of force

against an unmistakably executed counterforce connected by the administrator.

The dynamic system as patient contributes restorative power

Enacting power is delegated inherent: a patient is in charge of dose connected

Essential Elements

  1. Persistent dynamic muscle compression
  2. Controlled joint position
  3. Muscle constriction in a particular course
  4. Administrator connected particular counterforce
  5. Controlled constriction force


the first indication of palpated or detected imperviousness to free developments

At the point when movement is lost inside reach, a hindrance that anticipates development in the heading of movement misfortune is characterized as “prohibitive obstruction”

Muscle Energy

Technique attempts to move prohibitive boundary as far into the bearing of movement misfortune as would be prudent

Sorts of withdrawals in Muscle Energy Technique

Isometric withdrawal:

hypertonic abbreviated muscle

Isotonic withdrawal:

hindered debilitated muscles

Concentric withdrawal:

activate a joint against its movement obstructions Offbeat compression

Isolytic withdrawal:

fibrosis muscle Amid an isometric withdrawal, separation amongst starting point and the insertion of a muscle kept up at a steady length.


A settled pressure creates in muscle as patient contracts muscle against an equivalent counterforce connected by an administrator

Standards of Muscle Energy Technique

Post-isometric unwinding (PIR)

Complementary hindrance (RI)

Post-isometric Relaxation

After a muscle contracted, it is consequently in a casual state for a brief, dormant period


20% of quality compression for 5-7 seconds

3-5 times

Proportional Inhibition

When one muscle is gotten, its foe is consequently repressed.

Corresponding Inhibition


Resistance is connected by the specialist

The patient creates an isometric compression of the muscle amass that contradicts the influenced muscle withdrawal is held.The patient then unwinds and a stretch can be connected to the influenced muscle.

Isometric Technique

A concentric isotonic withdrawal happens when muscle strain causes beginning and insertion to estimated.

Utilized warily to protract a seriously contractured or hypertonic muscle as a break of musculotendinous intersection and insertion of tendon into bone or muscle filaments can happen.



Extend an abbreviated, contractured, or spastic muscle Reinforce a physiologically debilitated muscle/s

Decrease torment

Extend tight belt

Decrease limited edema

Activate an enunciation with limited portability

Components of Muscle Energy Procedures

  1. Persistent: dynamic muscle constriction
  2. Controlled joint position
  3. Controlled constriction power
  4. Muscle constriction in a particular bearing
  5. Administrator connected particular counterforce


3-5 reiterations for 7-10 seconds each

20-half of muscle quality

Isometric constriction ought not too hard

After maintained yet light compression, a passing delay ought to happen

Isotonic compressions requires commanding withdrawal

Breathing amid met

Breathe in gradually as isometric withdrawal develops

Hold the breath amid 7-10 sec

Discharge the breath as they gradually stop the withdrawal

Breathe in and breathe out completely afresh taking after discontinuance of all endeavors

Isometric v/s Isotonic Procedures

Mistakes By Patient

Withdrawal is too hard

A contract in wrong heading

Withdrawal is not managed for a considerable length of time

An individual doesn’t unwind totally after withdrawal

Beginning or completing compression too hurriedly

Mistakes By Therapist

Erroneous control of joint position in connection to the boundary to development

Counterforce: wrong course

Lacking patient guidelines

Moving to another joint position too early after compression

Not sitting tight for stubborn period taking after an isometric compression before muscle can be extended to another resting length

Not keeping up stretch position for a proper timeframe

Fruitful Muscle Energy Technique




Muscle Energy Technique Indications

At whatever point physical brokenness is available and/or at whatever point

there is a need to Standardize anomalous neuromuscular connections

Enhance neighborhood dissemination and respiratory capacity

Protract and/or standardize confined/hypertonic muscles and belt

Prepare confined joint(s)

Development confinement because of muscle snugness

Muscle hyperactivity

Intense wounds

Myofascial restrictions, muscle lopsidedness

Muscle Energy Technique Contraindications

Connected mindfully

Stay away from in :


Serious Sprain

Serious Strain

Open injuries

Metabolic bone or other maladies eg.


Uncooperative, lethargic,

oblivious patients or those that can

not or won’t take after bearings