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Skin diseases that are contagious during adulthood

Definition

Term “adulthood” define a person who attain the age of maturity. An adult person is independent, responsible and self-sufficient.

Primary life tasks

Primary life tasks of an adult is divided into two categories.

  1. Family-related tasks
  2. Work-related task

Family-related task

Family related task means to get married, develop understanding with life partner, having children, care for children, look-after their parents, make friends etc.

 Work-related tasks

Work-related tasks mean achievements of a professional career.

Adult health and wellness risk

There may be a lot of factors to affect the health of an adults. It affects skin a lot. There are rare skin diseases, their causes, symptoms, and treatment related to skin in adults.

List of skin diseases

  • Dermatitis
  • psoriasis
  • skin cancer

Types of skin diseases

  • Temporary skin diseases
  • permanent skin diseases

Dermatitis

Dermatitis is a skin infection. Skin goes to dry,tiny red spots on skin and swollen. It irritates you. Dermatitis is very common in children.

Symptoms

There are some general symptoms of dermatitis. It is

  • Dry skin
  • Itchy skin
  • Redness
  • Painful skin
  • swollen

Causes

There are some causes of dermatitis.

  • Stress
  • Environment
  • Hormonal change
  • Family history of dermatitis
  • Allergies

Treatment

Treatment for dermatitis depends upon type of skin, symptoms and causes. Skin clean up itself in a week. In case of severe problem doctors recommend

  • Creams for dry skin
  • Lotion for dry skin
  • Oatmeal cleanser
  • Medicine to reduce allergy
  • Photo-therapy, to cure with light

Psoriasis

It appear in early childhood related to immune system and gens. it may lead to diabetes and heart problem.

Symptoms

There are some general symptoms of psoriasis. Which are as follow

  • Whitish-silver scalp of skin
  • Thick layer of redness on a skin
  • Crack and sometime bleeding patches of a dry skin
  • Painful joints
  • Thick counter nails

It appears mostly on

  • Elbows
  • Knee
  • Hand
  • Foot
  • Neck
  • Face
  • Scalp

Causes

There are mainly two causes of psoriasis. Which are as follow.

  • Immune system
  • Genetics

Immune system

White blood cells mistakenly attack on skin cells. White blood cells attack on skin and bacteria fighting infections destroy. Skin goes on whitish-silver, red cracking and bleeding. Stress can impact your immune system. High level of stress may increase the chances of psoriasis.

Genetics

Genes play a role in psoriasis. One person in parents having psoriasis increase you risk. Both having psoriasis increase greater risk for you.

Treatment

There are not any specific treatment for psoriasis. There are some key-points for you to be followed.

  • Take bath daily by adding oil and salt in water
  • Use moisturizing cream
  • Eat healthy food
  • Do exercise for relaxation

Skin cancer

An abnormal growth of cells is said to be skin cancer. It occurs when there is uncontrollable growth of abnormal cells in a body.

Symptoms

There are some general symptoms of skin cancer, such as:

  • UN-revive pain
  • Changing mole

Some doctors name ABC to F to skin cancer like

  • A stands for a mole is
  • B stands for border of minima is irregular.
  • C stands for color, minima may have more than one color.
  • D stands for diameter, Minima is like a mole of pencil eraser.
  • E stands for evaluation of a mole over time.
  • F stands for funny, look of skin changing colors.

Causes

There are some general causes of skin cancer. Which are as follow.

  • Fair skin
  • Naturally red or blond hair
  • Green or blue eyes
  • Tan free skin
  • Sun burn

Treatment

Treatment for skin cancer vary according to size and depth of a mole. Here are some treatments for mole. Which are as follow.

  • Freezing skin mole by using nitrogen liquid
  • Cutting mole by excisional surgery
  • Cut a larger mole by mohs surgery
  • Kill cancer cells by radiation therapy
  • Photo-dynamic therapy kill the dangerous cells by using laser light and drug

Diabetes Mellitus

A body can’t utilized fully what you eat is said to be diabetes mellitus. It is due to lack of insulin in a body. Insulin helps to utilized food fully. But when pancreas make insulin, but insulin is not use to provide energy to body, then there is a situation of high sugar level. High sugar level leads to diabetes mellitus.

Causes

There are some general causes of diabetes mellitus. Which are as follow.

  • Being overweight
  • High blood pressure
  • Physical stress
  • Use a lot of medicines
  • Family history of diabetes
  • Abnormal blood cholesterol

Symptoms

General Symptoms of diabetes mellitus are as follow.

  • Increased hunger
  • Increase thirst
  • Dry mouth
  • Tired feeling
  • slow-healing cuts
  • frequent sweating

Treatment

For the treatment after diagnosing diabetes mellitus. Which are as follow.

  • Healthy eating ( Fruits, vegetables, whole grains)
  • Exercise daily ( 30 minutes)
  • Insulin therapy
  • Maintain blood pressure